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Technology is the real front of the US trade war. and China

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Beyond the usual goods, such as agricultural or industrial products, cutting-edge technologies such as microprocessors or artificial intelligence are the basis of a dispute that can shape the future development of these fields.

This week, the administration of Donald Trump ended up igniting the fuse of a commercial war with allied countries, and others with which it competes in various fields, by imposing tariffs on aluminum and steel.

Several of those affected began to respond with taxes to American products ranging from manufacturing to agricultural products, all from states where there is strong political support for Trump.

Read also: The race for the artificial intelligence industry

Seen from a point, this is the usual way in which a commercial war is articulated. The novelty on this occasion is that, beyond steel and aluminum, Kentucky whiskey or Harley Davidson motorcycles, some of the most poignant demands in the confrontation have to do with technology.

It is not about punishing the importation of cell phones (although there is also some of that), but about protecting key sectors for the economic development and national security of the two great heads of the confrontation, the United States and China.

The war here takes the form of semiconductors, microprocessors, artificial intelligence, telecommunications equipment and software for the analysis of big data.

The vision of Trump and Chinese President, Xi Jinping, is simple: who dominates fields such as the design and construction of microprocessors and the development of artificial intelligence will be at the forefront of innovations in military material that may have applications in issues such as autonomous vehicles , collection of intelligence in real time and improvement of long-range ballistic missiles, just to mention a few issues.

Also, these technologies can boost lucrative companies, such as the manufacture of telecommunications equipment for the next 5G networks, cell phone design or data management for a multitude of industrial uses and city management (things like facial recognition in real time they go through here, for example).

Read also: Foreign metal could flood Colombia due to trade war

A significant portion of the demands that the Trump government has made to China is that this country cut the trade deficit by US $ 100 billion (an estimated total of US $ 375 billion in favor of the Chinese) and that, likewise, it closes the tap of the state financing to the policy known as Made in China 2025.

In the future, this is one of the most ambitious goals of the Chinese government, which seeks to give it leadership in areas such as semiconductors, robotics, the aerospace industry, electric vehicles and the development of artificial intelligence.

The plan is a strategic need for China to the extent that it seeks to insert itself into an economy that provides greater income by participating in the trade of advanced manufacturing goods. In other words, participating in the major leagues of foreign trade requires, in a certain way, to enter the world of high technology.

Now, it is not only a matter of increasing profits and escaping the middle segment of commerce, but also of guaranteeing self-sufficiency in areas that require high technological development. You have to think of the matter as a kind of gear: investing in technology helps boost an economy with higher returns, which in turn also drives local businesses and helps shield the entire system from the vagaries or whims of external suppliers.

The thing is best understood with an example, which for this scenario is the case of ZTE, one of the leading companies in China, whose current situation arouses serious doubts courtesy of Trump. Earlier this month, the US government prevented the Chinese company from receiving electronic components manufactured in the USA. UU., Which in practice stopped most of its production.

Although Trump’s position has become more flexible (as is often the case with the president: first the teeth, then some dialogue), the example sheds light on the concerns of the trade war on both sides: in addition to traditional goods, such as production agricultural and industrial, the new battle front is the latest technology.

The Chinese saw what happened with ZTE as a warning message to deepen the policies outlined by Made in China 2025, which in essence is a package to accelerate industrial growth, in the same way as other economies have done. The Trump administration ensures that subsidizing this development with state monies is not fair play, although this is a play that has been tried out in other countries.

In the background, the fear is losing market for US technology in the largest market on the planet, while it is facing competition from a broadly developing economy, which seeks to generate extra value in high technology.

For example, one of the goals of Chinese politics is to be able to supply 40% of the demand for processors for smartphones with local production, which would cut a vast field of action for firms such as Qualcomm. It is worth remembering that this company was protected by Trump from being acquired by Broadcom, a firm based in Singapore, but which is perceived as close to Beijing.

The Chinese also want that the locally manufactured robots are used by 70% of the heavy industry in China by 2025. The model is repeated in industries such as aeronautics, naval or agricultural.

The trade war between the United States and China has the potential to damage the economies of both countries (although there are analyzes that estimate that the damage, proportionally, would be greater for Trump), but also has to shape the future development in technology: Will Silicon Valley dominate or will places such as Beijing, Tianjin or Shenzhen gain prominence?

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Digital Marketing

No, WhatsApp is not going to launch its payment platform in Spain at the moment

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WhatsApp has a payment system that allows you to send money – and receive it, of course – among the contacts of the application. Something very useful for when, for example, there are several friends to take something, one of them pays and then ‘accounts are adjusted’. With this payment system of the instant messaging application you can send and receive money just as we send a text message, a voice note, or any other content format through WhatsApp. But it is exclusive to India, since its launch some time ago, and is not expected to reach other countries – at least for the moment.

It has been several months since WhatsApp Payments was launched within the instant messaging app for users in India. There, as we mentioned earlier, WhatsApp users can send and receive money within the app itself as they send and receive messages. And this function of the instant messaging app would make sense that it will eventually reach the rest of the countries in which WhatsApp is available, but for now it will not happen, even though rumors have been emerging pointing to an imminent release in the States. United. It will not reach the Americans and, therefore, much less the users of Spain.

WhatsApp also has its own payment platform, and WhatsApp is not planning to launch it in Spain (or in many other countries)

WhatsApp is not the only one that allows you to send and receive money, also – and since a long time before – Facebook Messenger allows you to do it. And although here in Spain there are many users who do not know, there is another service that we use regularly and in other countries in the world has its own ‘payment platform’, and it is Gmail. All three have their money sending and receiving service, but none of them has launched it in Spain. Messenger and Gmail offer it in the United States and WhatsApp, exclusively, in India.

As an alternative, in Spain we have options like PayPal, probably the most senior in this field. Through PayPal we can send and receive money between friends and family, and in this case no commission is applied: if you send 20 euros, it costs you 20 euros and the other person receives exactly this amount.

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Review

The challenges of the internet, according to Tim Berners-Lee

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The father of the World Wide Web is committed to a decentralized network, accessible to everyone, and outside the interests of governments and companies

The Internet is not what it used to be. And very aware of this is the scientist Tim Berners-Lee, creator of the www (World Wide Web). It was on November 12, 1990 when he published the idea of ​​the Network, although it was launched later. A lot of time has passed since then. New are the remains and challenges to face. And perhaps the most obvious is that of security.

In a recent interview on “BBC Radio 4”, Tim Berners-Lee applauded the new cybersecurity strategy of the British Government, whose budget has been expanded to two billion euros to implement new measures to address the growing threat of cyber attacks.

The Government has been the first to ask society to pay special attention to the dangers of internet-connected devices. We must not forget that cybercrime is, at present, the criminal industry that moves the most money in the world. For the creator of the www, tools are needed to defend not only users, but also to defend an “open internet”, the key infrastructure in which national public data should circulate normally because “it is the responsibility of the Government just like drinking water. You have to think of data as infrastructure, “he explained in another interview to” The Guardian “this month.

But the problem is very serious. The countries maintain a cyber war without quarter. Recently, USA has formally accused Russia of organizing cyber attacks to sabotage the elections. Twitter, Spotify, Netflix and other websites were rendered useless by a massive cyberattack. The Internet is an almighty one. It is the key to all knowledge. For good and for bad. In fact, during his participation in the “Decentralized Web Summit” event, held last June to analyze Internet challenges, Tim Berners-Lee recalled how the Network is so vital that everyone wants to control it.

Government, corporations or “hackers” want to have the web at their whim. Some people block the pages so that citizens do not access certain types of information. Here is a new challenge: the decentralization of the network. But not the only one because that decentralized network should be endowed with greater privacy.

Massive surveillance

It is clear that the leaks of Edward Snowden marked a turning point in the history of the Network. For this reason, for the father of the www, the problem is not with the technology. For him, we are facing a social problem. And only technology can solve it. For this reason, Berners-Lee founded the “World Wide Web Foundation” in 2009. The goal is to advance the open web as a public good and a basic right to build a more just world.

This social perspective of the challenges of the internet materialize in this entity that seeks to expand its access (60% of the planet is not yet connected), serve people, and not governments or companies, innovating so that knowledge and data be accessible to all.

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Society

The new launch date of the new Samsung Galaxy Note 9 is filtered

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Throughout these last weeks there has been a lot of talk about what is going to become Samsung’s next flagship in terms of the mobile phone sector, we are referring to the Galaxy Note 9 that is expected to see the light throughout this same summer.

So, how could it be otherwise, before the expected official presentation and as we have been reporting, have been producing a series of leaks of their specifications, rumors that have become common for this type of devices , while the same thing is happening with the launch date of the smartphone, a date expected by many.

At the same time, a year from now, the same firm is expected to launch another two high-end terminals, such as the Galaxy X and the Samsung Galaxy S10, although at the moment we have to focus on the aforementioned Note 9. , in what refers to the date of presentation, this is something that the brand itself has been making other years in late or mid-August, but everything indicates that in 2018 you want to advance a bit to distance yourself from the coming iPhone .

At first it began to talk about the next July 29, at which time the new Galaxy Note 9 would see the light ahead of the usual way of operating Samsung in this regard. However, as our colleagues at MovilZona tell us, in the last few hours another new date has been announced.

The launch date of the Samsung Galaxy Note 9 is announced

Thus, the last leak that has been released in this regard and that has occurred a few hours ago, point out that this is a terminal that will be presented next August 9. Thus, while it is still earlier than expected at the beginning, it would also suffer some delay with respect to the latest predictions.

At the same time and next to this day to which we mention, we also wanted to make a special review which will be one of the most remarkable features of the terminal of the Korean firm, and that is none other than the camera that goes to implement. In this way what is intended is that this is even higher than the one that was included in the Galaxy Note 8 last year.

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